Diabetes mellitus type 2 or type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus [NIDDM], or adult-onset-diabetes) is a disorder that is characterized by high bloodglucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin-deficiency. There is currently no known cure for the condition, but it is often initially managed by increasing exercise and dietarymodification. As the condition progresses, medications are typically needed.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, there is very little tendency toward ketoacidosis in type 2 diabetes, though it is not unknown. One effect that can occur is nonketonic hyperglycemia which also is quite dangerous, though it must be treated very differently. Complex and multi factorial metabolic changes very often lead to damage and function impairment of many organs, most importantly the cardiovascular system in both types. This leads to substantially increased morbidity and mortality in both type 1 and type 2 patients, but the two have quite different origins and treatments despite the similarity in complications.
Signs and symptoms