Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrinedisorders affecting approximately 5%-10% of women of reproductive age(12-45years old) and was once thought erroneously to be one of the leading causesof infertility.
The principal features are obesity, anovulation(resulting in irregular menstruation), acne, and excessive amounts or effects ofandrogenic(masculinizing) hormones. The symptoms and severity of the syndrome varygreatly among women. While the causes are unknown, insulin resistance, diabetes, and obesity are allstrongly correlated with PCOS.
Common symptoms of PCOS include
PCOS can present in any age during the reproductive years. Due to its oftenvague presentation it can take years to reach a diagnosis.
Women with PCOS are at risk for the following: