Gastritis is an inflammation of the lining ofthe stomach, and has many possible causes. The main acute causes are excessive alcohol consumption or prolonged use of non steroidal anti-inflammatorydrugs (also known as NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen.Sometimes gastritis develops after major surgery, traumatic injury, burns, orsevere infections. Gastritis may also occur in those who have had weight losssurgery resulting in the banding or reconstruction of the digestive tract.Chronic causes are infection with bacteria, primarily Helicobacter pylori. Certain diseases,such as pernicious anemia, chronic bilereflux, stress and certain autoimmune disorders can cause gastritis aswell. The most common symptom is abdominal upset or pain. Other symptoms areindigestion, abdominal bloating, nausea, and vomiting. Some may have a feelingof fullness or burning in the upper abdomen.A gastroscopy,blood test, complete blood count test, or a stool test may be used to diagnosegastritis.
Severe gastritis is possible when the stomach is viewed without symptomsbeing present and may be present despite only minor changes in the stomachlining. Seniors have a higher likelihood of developing painless stomach damage.They may have no symptoms at all, such as an absence of vomiting or pain, untilthey are suddenly taken ill with internal bleeding. Pain in the upper abdomenis the most common symptom. The pain is usually in the upper central portion ofthe abdomen, the "pit" of the stomach. Gastritis pain can occur inthe left upper portion of the abdomen and in the back. The pain seems to travelfrom the belly to the back. The pain is typically vague, but can be a sharppain. Belching either doesn't relieve pain or only relieves it for a moment.The vomit is either clear green or yellow, has a bloody streak in it, or iscompletely bloody, depending on the severity of inflammation. Bloating and afeeling of fullness or burning in the upper abdomen is also signs of moderategastritis. Severe gastritis presents pallor, sweating, rapid heart beat, feelingfaint or short of breath, severe chest or stomach pain, vomiting large amountsof blood, or bloody or dark, sticky, foul-smelling bowel movements.