Atopic dermatitis (a type of eczema) is an inflammatory,chronically relapsing, non-contagious and pruritic skin disease.
The skinof a patient with atopic dermatitis reacts abnormally and easily to irritants,food, and environmental allergens and becomes red, flaky and very itchy. It alsobecomes vulnerable to surface infections caused by bacteria. The skin on theflexural surfaces of the joints (for example inner sides of elbows and knees)are the most commonly affected regions in people.
Atopic dermatitis often occurs together with other atopic diseases like hay fever,asthmaand conjunctivitis.It is a familial and chronic disease and its symptoms can increase or disappearover time. Atopic dermatitis in older children and adults is often confusedwith psoriasis.Atopic dermatitis afflicts humans, particularly young children; it is also awell-characterized disease in domestic dogs.
Although there is no cure for atopic eczema, and itscause is not well understood, it can be treated very effectively in the shortterm through a combination of prevention (learning what triggers the allergicreactions) and drug therapy.